Antibody-Dependent Enhancement and How it Relates to the Current COVID-19 Pandemic
One of the most disconcerting aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic is the wide range of presentations that occur across patients. Some are asymptomatic, only finding out that they had the virus through antibody testing, while others can have severe respiratory syndromes requiring a ventilator to stay alive. Outside of predisposing factors like age and comorbidities, it is seemingly random who will struggle and who won’t. While this phenomenon may still baffle us, there is a possible explanation of what is causing such severe lung damage in the most serious cases. The proposed mechanism deals with a process called an antibody-dependent enhancement, and it may have implications in both treating patients with acute infection and the development of a COVID-19 vaccine in the future.
As the pandemic continues, many people are more aware of the importance of maintaining clean surfaces within their homes, businesses, and shared spaces. Determining which surfaces might hold viral material longer than others is vital. Several studies have been conducted, none perfect, but could potentially shed better light on this important concern.
With the reopening of schools this fall being left mainly to individual districts rather than set nationwide standards, many different approaches have been put forth to tackle this issue. There are a handful of changes that research states should be widely adopted to increase the safety of students, faculty, and staff.
SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, has not only affected physical health, but the mental health of individuals. It is important to recognize and acknowledge the impact this virus has on mental health to be able to better understand and help those affected.
It has been hypothesized that individuals who control their blood pressure using ACE inhibitors or ARBs are at a higher risk of contracting the disease and are at higher risk to develop adverse effects from it. It is important to debunk this myth because a large portion of the U.S. society is on those medications
After a new study from the United Kingdom (UK) was published in June, the World Health Organization (WHO) stated that “dexamethasone, a corticosteroid, can be lifesaving for patients who are critically ill with COVID-19."
Because of COVID-19 social isolation guidelines, many Pride parades were canceled in the US and across the globe. In response, organizations have held celebrations online, such as the Brooklyn Parade and West Hollywood Parade.
Outbreak management is essential to reduce the impact of COVID-19. Examining perceptions of the public are imperative to develop an understanding of how certain groups in the population are likely to follow behavior strategies to avoid infection.
This spike in cases is concerning as reports from hospitals indicate they are near capacity, with Texas Medical Center reporting 97% of capacity in its ICU Wednesday and 100% on Thursday, with 27% of those patients testing positive for COIVD-19.
Disparities in health care are not a new topic in the US, but they became more visible in the light of the coronavirus pandemic. The COVID-19 crisis showed again how health disparities influence public health.